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icons at risk

Icons at Risk

Icons at Risk is an international initiative to preserve the world’s most endangered modern houses of unique architectural importance, following in the footsteps of the Iconic Houses network for house museums. Many of the world’s most iconic modern homes are being lost due – largely – to being as yet unrecognized as ‘heritage’. Those from the second half of the 20th century are especially vulnerable, lacking any legislative protection. We need to act now, or risk losing them forever. What can be done to save them? Icons at Risk sets out to answer that question. In this fresh endeavor, efforts focus on the rapidly vanishing, at-risk sector of new heritage. Raising public awareness and supporting house owners to take action are the main ways in which Icons at Risk will aim to slow the loss of important 20th-century homes.

Do you know an Icon at Risk? Send us your Alert

Casa Sperimentale

Giuseppe Perugini, Uga De Plaisant, Raynaldo Perugini

1968-1973, Italy

Willert Park Courts

Frederick C. Backus

1939, USA

Largent House

Richard Neutra

1936, USA

Villa E-1027

Eileen Gray

1929, France

60 Hornton Street

James Melvin

1969, United Kingdom

Sirius Building

Theo (Tao) Gofers

1980, Australia

Von Sternberg House

Richard Neutra

1936, USA

Villa Cavrois

Robert Mallet-Stevens

1932, France

Bernat Klein Studio

Peter Womersley

1972, United Kingdom Scotland

Maison Zilveli

Jean Welz

1933, France

Vann Molyvann’s House

Vann Molyvann

1970, Cambodia

Casa Gili

José Antonio Martínez Lapeña and Elías Torres

1987, Spain

= Paul Stevens House=

Paul Stevens

1933, Belgium

Aerial view from the southwest.

Casa Van der Driesche

José Antonio Martínez Lapeña and Elías Torres

1973, Spain

Forrest-Baker House

Ron Thom with Dick Mann

1963, Canada

Pearlroth House

Andrew Geller

1956, Country

Villa dei Direttori

Renzo Zavanella

1932, Italy

Bavinger House

Bruce Goff

1950, USA

Connell House

Richard Neutra

1958, USA

La Ricarda

Antonio Bonet Castellana

1949-63, Spain

Robin Hood Gardens

Alison & Peter Smithson

1972, United Kingdom

Conlon Nancarrow Home

Juan O’Gorman

1940, Mexico

Villa Girasole

Angelo Invernizzi a.o.

1935, Italy

Reeuwijk Housing Project

Gerrit Rietveld

1959, The Netherlands

Abrams House

Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown

1979, USA

Nakagin Capsule Tower

Kisho Kurokawa Architect & Ass.

1972, Japan

Steimel House

Oswald Matthias Ungers

1962, Germany

Villa Namazee

Gio Ponti

1957-64, Tehran, Iran

Casa del Puente

Amancio Williams

1945, Argentina

Kohlberg House

Luther Crowell

1961, USA

Casa Sperimentale

Architects: Giuseppe Perugini, Uga De Plaisant, Raynaldo Perugini
Design and Construction: 1968-1975
Location: Fregene, Italy


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Willert Park Courts

Architect: Frederick C. Backus
Year of completion: 1939
Location: Buffalo, NY, USA

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Largent House

Architect: Richard Neutra
Year of completion: 1936
Location: San Francisco, CA, USA


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Villa E-1027

Architect: Eileen Gray
Year of completion: 1929
Location: Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France

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60 Hornton Street

Architect: James Melvin
Year of completion: 1969
Location: London, United Kingdom


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Sirius Building

Architect: Theo (Tao) Gofers
Year of completion: 1980
Location: Sydney, NSW, Australia

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Von Sternberg House

Architect: Richard Neutra
Year of completion: 1936
Location: Northridge, CA, USA


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Villa Cavrois

Architect: Robert Mallet-Stevens
Year of completion: 1932
Location: Croix, France

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Bernat Klein Studio

Architect: Peter Womersley
Year of completion: 1972
Location: Selkirk, United Kingdom


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Maison Zilveli

Architect: Jean Welz
Year of completion: 1933
Location: Paris, France


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Vann Molyvann’s House

Architect: Vann Molyvann
Year of completion: 1970
Location: Phnom Penh, Cambodia


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Casa Gili

Architects: José Antonio Martínez Lapeña and Elías Torres
Year of completion: 1987
Location: Santa Eulària des Riu, Spain


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Paul Stevens House

Architect: Paul Stevens
Year of completion: 1933
Location: Herent (sub municipality Winksele), Belgium


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Casa Van der Driesche

Architects: José Antonio Martínez Lapeña and Elías Torres
Year of completion: 1973
Location: San Josep, Ibiza, Spain


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Forrest-Baker House

Architects: Ron Thom with Dick Mann
Year of completion: 1962
Location: West Vancouver, BC, Canada


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Pearlroth House

Architect: Andrew Geller
Year of completion: 1956
Location: Long Island, NY, USA


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Villa dei Direttori

Architect: Renzo Zavanella
Year of completion: 1932
Location: Sermide, Mantua, Italy


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Bavinger House

Architect: Bruce Goff
Year of completion: 1950
Location: Norman, Oklahoma, USA


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Connell House

Architect: Richard Neutra
Year of completion: 1958
Location: Pebble Beach, CA, USA


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La Ricarda

Architect: Antonio Bonet Castellana
Year of completion: 1949-1963
Location: El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain


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Robin Hood Gardens

Architects: Alison & Peter Smithson
Year of completion: 1972
Location: London, United Kingdom


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Conlon Nancarrow Home

Architect: Juan O’Gorman
Year of completion: 1940
Location: Mexico-City, Mexico


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Villa Girasole

Architects: Angelo Invernizzi a.o.
Year of completion: 1935
Location: Marcellise, Italy


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Reeuwijk Housing Project

Architect: Gerrit Rietveld
Year of completion: 1959
Location: Reewijk-Brug, The Netherlands


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Abrams House

Architects: Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown
Year of completion: 1992
Location: Pittsburgh, MA, USA


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Nakagin Capsule Tower

Architect: Kisho Kurokawa Architect & Associates
Year of completion: 1972
Location: Tokyo, Japan


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Steimel House

Architect: Oswald Matthias Ungers
Year of completion: 1962
Location: Hennef (Sieg), Germany


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Villa Namazee

Architect: Gio Ponti
Year of completion: 1964
Location: Tehran, Iran


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Casa del Puente

Architect: Amancio Williams
Year of completion: 1945
Location: Mar del Plata, Argentina

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Kohlberg House

Architect: Luther Crowell
Year of completion: 1961
Location: Wellfleet, MA, USA


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Do you know an Icon at Risk? Send us your Alert

WATCH LISTS - INTERNATIONAL

DOCOMOMO International Heritage in Danger
Iconic Houses Icons at Risk
SOS Brutalism
World Monuments Fund World Monuments Watch

WATCH LISTS - NATIONAL

Australia
Docomomo Australia Buildings at Risk

Belgium
Docomomo Belgium At Risk

Canada
West Coast Modern League Watch List

United Kingdom
Historic Environment Scotland Buildings at Risk Register for Scotland
Historic England Heritage at Risk Register
The Twentieth Century Society - C20 Buildings at risk

USA
Docomomo New York/Tri-state Advocacy agenda
Docomomo US Threatened sites
National Trust for Historic Preservation America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places
USModernist.org is active in general advocacy but doesn’t have a specific section on its website devoted to the at-risk buildings, but alerts its followers through its newsletters.

Icons at Risk is an initiative of the Iconic Houses Foundation.
The Steering Committee includes:
* Natascha Drabbe, Architectural Historian and Executive Director/Founder Iconic Houses Network (Netherlands)
* Fiona Fisher, Curator, Dorich House Museum/Researcher, Kingston School of Art, Kingston University London (UK)
* Janice Lyle, Director Sunnylands Center & Gardens in Rancho Mirage (USA)
* Chandler McCoy, Senior Project Specialist, Getty Conservation Institute (USA)

The International Peer Review Group includes:
* Iveta Černá, Director Villla Tugendhat (Czech Republic)
* Catherine Croft, Director 20th Century Society (UK)
* Fabio Grementieri, member of the National Commission of Monuments of Argentina, and Head of the Preservation Program at Torcuato Di Tella University (Argentina)
* George Smart, Founder USModernist.org (USA)
* Jyoti Somerville, GML Heritage Associate, architectural conservation expert with over 30 years' experience in built heritage conservation (Australia)
* Lynda S. Waggoner, Director Emerita Fallingwater (USA)

We are thankful for the research by Kristen Munchheimer, Graduate Intern (2018-2019) Getty Conservation Institute and Moriah Schnose, Administrative Coordinator for Retreats at Sunnylands. Most of the content related to Casa Sperimentale is based on research by Patrick Weber, Associate Professor at the Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL London and Sabine Storp as part of their programme at Bartlett School of Architecture.