NEW SECTION: Toolkit for Owners of a Modern House
13 Aalto Sites Nominated for UNESCO World Heritage
Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House
Business Cards of Stone, Timber and Concrete in the Brussels Region 1830-1970
Villa Beer At Risk
Exhibiting & Visiting Modernist Monuments
Fostering Well-Researched Responsible Design
ICONS AT RISK
Enjoy a virtual visit to the California House and a Q&A with architect Peter Gluck
Exhibition 'Modernism and Refuge'
A Hidden Gem of Postmodernism
July - Iconic Houses Month
New Centre for Historic Houses of India
An Online Chronicle of the Douglas House
SPECIAL – Northern (High)Lights!
SPECIAL - Casas Icónicas en España!
SPECIAL - Vacances en France!
SPECIAL – Iconic Dreams - Sleep in an Iconic House!
SPECIAL – Dutch Delights!
SPECIAL – German Greats!
Villa Henny, geometric style icon in The Netherlands
A Mendini temple in Amsterdam
IH-lectures USA & Canada Feb 2020 on Melnikov House
An Afternoon with the Glucks
Danish Moderns – Looking Back at Our Mini-Seminar
Venturo house complements Exhibition Centre WeeGee’s offering
Lecture report: Remembering Richard Neutra
Hôtel Mezzara and the Guimard Museum project
We welcome 13 new members!
BREAKING NEWS: 8 Wright Sites Inscribed on Unesco World Heritage List!
LECTURE 29 August - Raymond Neutra: My Father and Frank Lloyd Wright
SPECIAL – Iconic Artist Residencies
Our Badge of Honour
SPECIAL – Women & Iconic Houses
SPECIAL – Iconic Housing
Iconic Houses End Year Message
City-ordered rebuild of landmark house stirs debate: Appropriate or overreach?
Kohlberg House Restoration in Progress
Planned Demolition of Rietveld Homes in Reeuwijk
Renovation Gili House in Crisis
An Iconic Saga
Restoring Eileen Gray’s Villa E-1027 and Clarifying the Controversies
Modernism on the East Coast
Iconic Houses in Latin America
House Tours May 2018
Terence Riley -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Philip Johnson
New era for Villa E-1027 and Cap Moderne
Jorge Liernur -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Latin American Modernism(s)
Restoring the past: The Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo Home Studio
Behind the Scenes: Hendrick de Keyser Association
Latin America Special – Focus on Mexico
De Stijl in Drachten
Preserving the Nancarrow House-Studio
Meet the Friends - Nanne de Ru
Latin America Special – Focus on Brazil
Jan de Jong’s House is Latest Hendrick de Keyser Acquisition
Stay in a Belgian Modernist Masterpiece
In Berlin’s Modernist Network
Rietveld-Schröder House Celebrates De Stijl Anniversary
Meet Our New Foundation Board Members
Virtual Tour of a Papaverhof Home in 3D
Getty Grant for Villa E-1027
11 Le Corbusier Homes now on Unesco World Heritage List
At home with Le Corbusier
Wright Plus 2016 Walk
Speaking Volumes: Building the Iconic Houses Library
Documentary La Ricarda
Rent a house designed by Gerrit Rietveld
Barragán House on Screen
Gesamtkunstwerk – An Icon on the Move
Triennale der Moderne 27 September - 13 October 2013
Prestigious Art Nouveau mansions in Brussels open
September 14 + 15: Heritage Days in Paris
June's New Arrivals: Museum Apartments
Iconic Houses is now on Twitter and Facebook
Corbu’s Cabanon: Reconstruction and Lecture
Projekt Mies In Krefeld: Life-sized model of the Krefeld Clubhouse
New arrivals: Spain special
MAMO: Le Corbu’s ‘Park in the Sky’ open 12 June
Annual Wright Architectural Housewalk: 18 May
Frank Lloyd Wright Homes on Screen
Message from the Editor
Neutra’s House on Screen
Melnikov House on Screen
Iconic Houses in the media
Message from the Editor
Eileen Gray House on Screen
At Home in the 20th Century
New 20th century Iconic Houses website launches
Wessel de Jonge on Dutch Icons at Risk
In the run-up to Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House, our Iconic Houses online event in September, we talk to leading authorities on architecture in the Netherlands about the Dutch reinvention of the house in the 20th century. Wessel de Jonge is Professor of Heritage and Design at TU Delft, runs an architecture office specializing in the reuse of existing buildings, and is an advisor to the Getty Foundation’s Keeping it Modern grant initiative. We ask Wessel about Dutch icons at risk from an international perspective.
How is the Netherlands doing in Modern heritage?
Generally speaking, I believe the Netherlands is doing quite well when it comes to Modern heritage. Early Modern architecture, like the works of Rietveld and other members of De Stijl started to be appreciated again by a wider audience by the mid-1980s and the position of Modern heritage has certainly benefitted from that. Around 1992, when the Dutch government ratified the World Heritage Convention and decided to organize future nominations according to three main themes, one of those was Modern architecture (the other ones being the Dutch battle against the water and the Golden Age). At the time that was quite remarkable, as the number of 20th-century properties on the World Heritage list was less than a handful. In the Netherlands, a substantial number of Modern buildings and ensembles had already been nationally listed, and many have followed since then. But that doesn’t mean we don’t face challenges.
Can you tell us about getting the Van Nelle factory on the World Heritage list, and the current status of the Rijswijk ‘om-en-om-woningen’ (front-to-back-houses) by Rietveld? What do these show us about the Dutch situation?
The tentative nomination of the Van Nelle Factory was announced when our Ministry of Culture ratified the World Heritage Convention in 1992. Together with the Rietveld Schröder House and the former Sanatorium ‘Zonnestraal’, the factory represented the Modern architecture track. Therefore, the actual nomination was well anticipated, but it wasn't a runaway race. Firstly, we had a Dutch member in the World Heritage Committee and our government decided to put all nominations on hold for years. Then they felt the initial tentative nominations should be reviewed and we had to prove our case again. As an example, we were recently shocked to learn that the Minister of Culture is planning to remove Sanatorium ‘Zonnestraal’ from the tentative list – after over 25 years of preparation. But back to Van Nelle, even in the last resort, during the 2014 World Heritage Convention meeting in Doha we couldn´t be sure, since nominations from Western countries are critically reviewed by non-Western member states. But we made it.
As an advisor to Keeping it Modern (Getty), how would you say that this organization can help?
The Getty Keeping it Modern programme has been a great catalyst for Modern heritage in many countries where this is far from self-evident – think Armenia, Taiwan or Mozambique. It has helped put Modern heritage on the map. In the Netherlands we have successfully applied three times so far, for the Rietveld Schröder House, the social-housing museum Het Schip, and last year for the 1966 Aula building at TU Delft. Like most of the Getty grants the money for these projects is given for preparatory research and planning that is part of the look-before-you-leap approach that they promote, which is not so self-evident for recent heritage buildings that are often economic assets at the same time. For administrative reasons, the Getty grants are restricted to non-private properties, so when it comes to iconic houses these need to be owned and managed by non-profits. That proved to be a prohibitive condition in some cases. Anyway, it’s a pity that the Keeping it Modern programme will come to a close next year. We have one final round to go.
What issues in the Netherlands are putting heritage at risk? What are the causes, and what can be done to solve them?
The main challenge in the Netherlands is the sheer amount of recent-heritage buildings. Of course, they are often economic assets at the same time, owned by private companies and real-estate investors and it is not always easy to argue about their uniqueness when – as it seems – there is a similar building just a block away.
In the Netherlands, the issue of Modern social-housing estates is also problematic. Housing corporations claim that their main responsibility is providing affordable dwellings – which is correct – but they seem to forget about their own history. In Reeuwijk, Rietveld built one of his few social housing projects, involving 52 single family homes with alternating fronts and backs. As far as I know, this is the only realized example of this typology. Now, a few decades later, such dwellings can never meet present energy standards. Aspects of social cohesion and public appreciation don’t make it to the spreadsheets of financial management, and the Reeuwijk houses faced demolition and replacement. Apparently, now the housing corporation will no longer pursue this plan due to lack of resources. Saved by the bell!
What worries me a lot is that sustainability arguments are misused to disqualify heritage buildings and to do away with them. Embodied energy, CO2 and nitrogen could already cast another light on the true performance of these buildings when understanding that their lifespan will be prolonged as a result of heritage listing. But those boxes can’t yet be ticked in the managers’ manuals. One day, we’ll regret this.
Why is it important for TU Delft to have the Heritage and Design course? What can it contribute?
The master´s course in Heritage and Architecture at TU Delft is addressing all the issues that I have brought up. Together with the chairs of Heritage and Values and Heritage and Technology we teach students to analyze and understand heritage buildings before – guided by my chair of Heritage and Design – proposing conservation strategies and interventions for their adaptive re-use. The issue of adaptive re-use of heritage buildings is highly relevant right now. In Europe, more than half of all architectural commissions concern existing real estate and, also in real-estate investments, heritage buildings are the first ones to stand out for preservation. No wonder that around 25 per cent of all architecture students at the faculty in Delft graduate from Heritage and Architecture. Our master´s programme involves courses on 20th-century heritage at every level, so students who want to focus on that can do so. We find that many Asian students are also attracted to recent heritage, as it becomes increasingly topical in their home countries.
What issues are you looking forward to discussing at the Iconic Houses online event?
I believe that the whole issue of private versus public ownership, and the related regulations regarding sustainability and public access, remain a top priority. That means I will also focus on how to involve a next generation of dedicated young professionals in this field.
Do you have a favourite young heritage house (1965 or younger), and why?
I’m going to tamper with your cut-off date here, because one of the most special young-heritage houses I have ever visited is the Schaffer Residence in Los Angeles, designed by John Lautner in 1949. That’s where Tom Ford shot his movie A Single Man. It’s privately owned so alas, not on the Iconic Houses register. Another one is Rietveld’s House Van den Doel, built in 1958 and also privately owned. It’s a real masterpiece. I believe it will be included in the post-conference tours – perhaps a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see that house!
What are the most hopeful circumstances for heritage homes currently?
There is a broad and growing appreciation for Modern heritage homes. A large number of such houses are being embraced and cherished by a new generation of aficionados. Even if that means that such houses may not be publicly accessible, the most important thing is that they survive.
|The Midcentury Modern Schaffer Residence by architect John Lautner in Glendale, CA, USA, 1949. Photo Matthew Letcher.|
|Om-en-om woningen, Gerrit Rietveld, Reeuwijk, The Netherlands, 1959.|
|Recently restored Private house Van den Doel, Gerrit Rietveld, Ilpendam, The Netherlands, 1959.|
Curious about the Iconic Houses Online Event 2021?
Check out the program of lectures, expert meetings and videoseries about The Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House HERE
Updated 22 March 2021