Buy Your Ticket Now for Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House
New Chairman Architect Nanne de Ru on The Perfect Platform
Health and Home - Interview with Beatriz Colomina
A Life Less Ordinary – Interview with Valentijn Carbo
Invisible Women - Interview with Alice T. Friedman
Portraits of the Architect - Interview with Gennaro Postiglione
Anita Blom on Experimental Housing of the 1970s
Test Labs for New Ideas - Interview with Natascha Drabbe
Women’s Worlds - Interview with Natalie Dubois
Winy Maas on the Green Dip
Hetty Berens: A Fresh Take on Modernism
The Culture of Living - Interview with Robert von der Nahmer
New Program - Inside Iconic Houses!
Niek Smit on Supporting Modern Heritage
Alice Roegholt on Amsterdam’s Working-Class Palaces
July is Iconic Houses Month
Save Maison Zilveli - Sign the Petition!
How a Building Tells a Story - Recorded Event
Toolkit for Owners of a Modern House
13 Aalto Sites Nominated for UNESCO World Heritage
Villa Beer At Risk - Sign the Petition!
Business Cards of Stone, Timber and Concrete in the Brussels Region 1830-1970
Exhibiting & Visiting Modernist Monuments
Fostering Well-Researched Responsible Design
ICONS AT RISK
Enjoy a virtual visit to the California House and a Q&A with architect Peter Gluck
Exhibition 'Modernism and Refuge'
A Hidden Gem of Postmodernism
New Centre for Historic Houses of India
An Online Chronicle of the Douglas House
SPECIAL – Northern (High)Lights!
SPECIAL - Casas Icónicas en España!
SPECIAL - Vacances en France!
SPECIAL – Iconic Dreams - Sleep in an Iconic House!
SPECIAL – Dutch Delights!
SPECIAL – German Greats!
Villa Henny, geometric style icon in The Netherlands
A Mendini temple in Amsterdam
IH-lectures USA & Canada Feb 2020 on Melnikov House
An Afternoon with the Glucks
Danish Moderns – Looking Back at Our Mini-Seminar
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Lecture report: Remembering Richard Neutra
Hôtel Mezzara and the Guimard Museum project
We welcome 13 new members!
BREAKING NEWS: 8 Wright Sites Inscribed on Unesco World Heritage List!
LECTURE 29 August - Raymond Neutra: My Father and Frank Lloyd Wright
SPECIAL – Iconic Artist Residencies
Our Badge of Honour
SPECIAL – Women & Iconic Houses
SPECIAL – Iconic Housing
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An Iconic Saga
Restoring Eileen Gray’s Villa E-1027 and Clarifying the Controversies
Modernism on the East Coast
Iconic Houses in Latin America
House Tours May 2018
Terence Riley -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Philip Johnson
New era for Villa E-1027 and Cap Moderne
Jorge Liernur -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Latin American Modernism(s)
Restoring the past: The Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo Home Studio
Behind the Scenes: Hendrick de Keyser Association
Latin America Special – Focus on Mexico
De Stijl in Drachten
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Meet the Friends - Nanne de Ru
Latin America Special – Focus on Brazil
Jan de Jong’s House is Latest Hendrick de Keyser Acquisition
Stay in a Belgian Modernist Masterpiece
In Berlin’s Modernist Network
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Meet Our New Foundation Board Members
Virtual Tour of a Papaverhof Home in 3D
Getty Grant for Villa E-1027
11 Le Corbusier Homes now on Unesco World Heritage List
At home with Le Corbusier
Wright Plus 2016 Walk
Speaking Volumes: Building the Iconic Houses Library
Documentary La Ricarda
Rent a house designed by Gerrit Rietveld
Barragán House on Screen
Gesamtkunstwerk – An Icon on the Move
Triennale der Moderne 27 September - 13 October 2013
Prestigious Art Nouveau mansions in Brussels open
September 14 + 15: Heritage Days in Paris
June's New Arrivals: Museum Apartments
Iconic Houses is now on Twitter and Facebook
Corbu’s Cabanon: Reconstruction and Lecture
Projekt Mies In Krefeld: Life-sized model of the Krefeld Clubhouse
New arrivals: Spain special
MAMO: Le Corbu’s ‘Park in the Sky’ open 12 June
Annual Wright Architectural Housewalk: 18 May
Frank Lloyd Wright Homes on Screen
Message from the Editor
Neutra’s House on Screen
Melnikov House on Screen
Iconic Houses in the media
Message from the Editor
Eileen Gray House on Screen
At Home in the 20th Century
New 20th century Iconic Houses website launches
Invisible Women - Interview with Alice T. Friedman
|Alice T. Friedman with the Farnsworth House in the background.|
Alice T. Friedman is an art historian and the Grace Slack McNeil Professor of the History of American Art and Co-Director of the Architecture Program at Wellesley College. She is also a curator, art critic and author. Her books include Women and the Making of the Modern House and American Glamour and the Evolution of Modern Architecture. For the online conference Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House, she talks about women as architects and clients in the first half of the 20th century.
What ground will your lecture cover?
I will focus on three case studies of women in Modernism, looking at Marion Mahony’s contribution to Frank Lloyd Wright’s Susan Lawrence Dana House, Eleanor Raymond’s house (or rather complex) for Natalie Hammond, and the Farnsworth House whose client was Edith Farnsworth. I will also relate Farnsworth to Tugendhat and Lily Reich.
All the women you mention have only relatively recently started to emerge from obscurity – why were they invisible for so long?
Although architecture is a collaborative process, the way in which people have analysed it has been based on the false notion of the superstar architect – a one-man show. That has to be unpacked, which is what is happening now, with credit finally being given to figures like Mahony, Perriand and Reich. It doesn’t help that women often focused on interiors, which have been neglected by scholars, or given smaller, less significant projects through sexism, or interrupted their careers to raise children. But the neglect of women’s roles is being reversed now, thanks to research and a greater understanding of the process and politics of architecture.
What else is shifting in how we see these Modernist houses?
The role of the client too is rightly receiving much more attention than it used to. In the 1990s, when I started researching the Farnsworth House, no one had ever asked about the client – most were amazed that the client was a woman, but in general Modern architectural history had been written by the architects. The clients were ignored. These days people – both men and women, researchers, curators, and house visitors – are more interested in how people lived in the houses, how they thought, and so on. In Edith Farnsworth’s role as client, for example, you see an interesting meeting of Modernism and modesty – the architect was all about transparency and impersonality, but she wanted her privacy and her personal touches.
What are you working on now?
A book called Poker Faces. It’s a series of case studies of Modern houses, mainly, that look fairly conventional but actually have very non-traditional programs. So, for example, houses for multiple individuals or queer households, rather than a conventional family.
Do you have a favourite Modern house?
I have so many! The Farnsworth House, for example, and Tugendhat, although I’ve never actually visited that one. But my current favourite is one that I very recently visited in Manchester, New Hampshire, which has just been renovated and opened to the public as part of the Currier Museum. The Kalil House, by Frank Lloyd Wright, is what he called a Usonian Automatic house, of which few were ever built. It’s truly extraordinary and built entirely from concrete blocks.
|Toufic H. Kalil House, Frank Lloyd Wright, Manchester, New Hampshire,USA, 1955. Currier Museum of Art, photo via franklloydwright.org.|
How has the pandemic and lockdown influenced the way you feel about houses and home?
It’s made me realize how lucky we are when we can physically explore interesting or great architecture in person. Also, I think we are all more aware now of how much flexibility we need for multi-tasking, and also privacy, and how important it is to have storage space, screens and so on so we can tuck away our personal items for Zoom calls.
Posted 22 July 2021