Mackintosh’s Hill House Becomes an International Iconic House!

Historical Exhibition, Marie-Laure de Noailles, Painter, Conversation

Our Badge of Honour

Istanbul’s Modernist Ataköy Housing Estate is At Risk

Early Furniture Designs by Le Corbusier on Permanent Display in Maison Blanche

Photo Report City Icons Amsterdam

Healing Through Architecture

Reopening An Iconic Modernist Landmark

City Icons Kick Off with Talk by Linda Vlassenrood

MORE MIES - Pure Architecture in Haus Lange Haus Esters

Through a Bauhaus Lens: Edith Tudor-Hart and Isokon

Modernism Week Lecture: 10 Years of Iconic Houses

Aluminaire House Grand Opening

Exhibition Icons of the Czech Avant-Garde

An Elementalist and Mediterranean Architecture

Icon for Sale - Loos Villa: Haus Horner

SPECIAL – Iconic Dreams Europe - Sleep in an Iconic House!

SPECIAL – Iconic Dreams North America - Sleep in an Iconic House!

SPECIAL – German Greats!

SPECIAL - Vacances en France!

SPECIAL - Casas Icónicas en España!

SPECIAL – Dutch Delights!

SPECIAL – Iconic Artist Residencies

SPECIAL – Northern (High)Lights!

SPECIAL – Iconic Collective Housing

SPECIAL – Women & Iconic Houses

Public Screenings and Private Streaming of Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House

Winy Wants a World Wonder

Welcome Atelier Volten!

Sleep in a Modernist Gem – Huis Billiet in Bruges

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - 100 Years Van Zessen House

Exclusive Tour and Film Screening Package

The Last House Designed by Adolf Loos Will Be Built in Prague

Icons of the Czech Avantgarde

Icon for Sale - Casa Legorreta

Rietveld Day: 200 Enthusiasts Explored 3 Utrecht Icons

Hurray! 10 Years Iconic Houses

7th International Iconic Houses Conference A Huge Success

Meet Conference Co-Chair Iveta Černá

Meet Conference Co-Chair Maria Szadkowska

Eighteen Iconic Houses Under One Roof

17 June - 'Pioneers-film' Screening Amersfoort

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - Van Eesteren House Museum

Welcome Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky Zentrum in Vienna!

Welcome Vila Volman! Jewel of Czech Functionalism

Movie Night: Adolf Loos- Revolutionary Among Architects

'Inside Iconic Houses' Case Study House #26 Webcast in Webshop

Inside Iconic Houses at Taut’s Home in Berlin

Rediscovering Forgotten Loos Interiors in Pilsen

'Inside Iconic Houses' - Online Tour Program

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - The Diagoon House

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - Rietveld Schröder House

Rietveld Houses Owners Association

Corberó Space: New Life for Hidden Jewel

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - Pierre Cuypers' House and Workshops

Reeuwijk Celebrates Completion of Restoration Rietveld Homes!

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - Van Doesburg Rinsema House

Welcome Rietveld's Van Daalen House!

Architect Harry Gessner Passed Away at 97

Watch Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House Now On Demand

Icon Saved: Dorchester Drive House

Welcome Umbrella House!

Iconic Houses in the Netherlands – Berlage’s Masterpiece

Iconic Houses in The Netherlands - Het Schip

Inside Iconic Houses - Tour of Maison Cazenave

Inside Iconic Houses Tours Vizcaya Museum & Gardens in Miami

Casa Masó Celebrates 10 Year Anniversary

Inside Iconic Houses tours Roland Reisley's Usonian Frank Lloyd Wright House

Rietveld’s Experimental Housing in Reeuwijk Saved

Serralves Villa after restoration

Portraits of the Architect - Interview with Gennaro Postiglione

Test Labs for New Ideas - Interview with Natascha Drabbe

Inside Iconic Houses - Isokon Building

Inside Iconic Houses - 16 December: Sunnylands with Janice Lyle

BCN-BXL Coderch-De Koninck - Beyond Time

New Chairman Architect Nanne de Ru on The Perfect Platform

Health and Home - Interview with Beatriz Colomina

A Life Less Ordinary – Interview with Valentijn Carbo

Invisible Women - Interview with Alice T. Friedman

Winy Maas on the Green Dip

Anita Blom on Experimental Housing of the 1970s

Women’s Worlds - Interview with Natalie Dubois

The Culture of Living - Interview with Robert von der Nahmer

Hetty Berens: A Fresh Take on Modernism

Niek Smit on Supporting Modern Heritage

Alice Roegholt on Amsterdam’s Working-Class Palaces

July is Iconic Houses Month

Hans van Heeswijk on The Pioneers of the Dutch Modern House

Wessel de Jonge on Dutch Icons at Risk

Save Maison Zilveli - Sign the Petition!

How a Building Tells a Story - Recorded Event

Toolkit for Owners of a Modern House

13 Aalto Sites Nominated for UNESCO World Heritage

Villa Beer At Risk - Sign the Petition!

Business Cards of Stone, Timber and Concrete in the Brussels Region 1830-1970

Exhibiting & Visiting Modernist Monuments

Fostering Well-Researched Responsible Design


Enjoy a virtual visit to the California House and a Q&A with architect Peter Gluck

Exhibition 'Modernism and Refuge'

A Hidden Gem of Postmodernism

New Centre for Historic Houses of India

An Online Chronicle of the Douglas House

Villa Henny, geometric style icon in The Netherlands

A Mendini temple in Amsterdam

IH-lectures USA & Canada Feb 2020 on Melnikov House

Sponsors and Friends

An Afternoon with the Glucks

Chandler McCoy on Making Modern Houses Sustainable

Catherine Croft: Getting Away from the Demolition Mentality in the UK

Patrick Weber on Discovering an Unknown Icon

Fiona Fisher on Iconic Interiors

Jocelyn Bouraly on Villa Cavrois

Mireia Massagué on finding success through a new kind of partnership

Danish Moderns – Looking Back at Our Mini-Seminar

Venturo house complements Exhibition Centre WeeGee’s offering

Lecture report: Remembering Richard Neutra

Hôtel Mezzara and the Guimard Museum project

We welcome 13 new members!

BREAKING NEWS: 8 Wright Sites Inscribed on Unesco World Heritage List!

LECTURE 29 August - Raymond Neutra: My Father and Frank Lloyd Wright

Iconic Reads

Iconic Houses End Year Message

City-ordered rebuild of landmark house stirs debate: Appropriate or overreach?

Kohlberg House Restoration in Progress

Planned Demolition of Rietveld Homes in Reeuwijk

Renovation Gili House in Crisis

An Iconic Saga

Restoring Eileen Gray’s Villa E-1027 and Clarifying the Controversies

Modernism on the East Coast

Iconic Houses in Latin America

Conference testimonials

House Tours May 2018 

Expert Meetings

Natascha Drabbe - Iconic Houses: The Next Chapter

Terence Riley -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Philip Johnson

New era for Villa E-1027 and Cap Moderne

Hilary Lewis on Philip Johnson and his Glass House

John Arbuckle on Great House Tours

William D. Earls on the Harvard Five in New Canaan

Stover Jenkins on Working for Philip Johnson

Frederick Noyes on his Father’s House

Scott Fellows and Craig Bassam on their Passion for Preservation

Jorge Liernur -KEYNOTE SPEAKER- on Latin American Modernism(s)

Fabio Grementieri on Modernism in Argentina

Catalina Corcuera Cabezut on Casa Luis Barragán

Renato Anelli on Lina Bo Bardi’s Casa de Vidro

Tim McClimon on Corporate Preservation

Amanda Nelson on Building Donor Relationships

John Bacon on Planned Giving

Jean-Paul Warmoes on the Art of Fundraising in America

Chandler McCoy on Why Less is More

Katherine Malone-France on Moving with the Times

Anne Mette Rahbæk on Philanthropic Investments and Preservation

Peter McMahon on Saving Modern Houses on Cape Cod

Toshiko Kinoshita on Japanese Modern Heritage Houses

Roland Reisley on Life in a Frank Lloyd Wright House

5th Iconic Houses Conference May 2018

Kristin Stone, Pasadena Tour Company

Restoring the past: The Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo Home Studio

Behind the Scenes: Hendrick de Keyser Association

Crosby Doe, Architecture for Sale

Latin America Special – Focus on Mexico

De Stijl in Drachten

Preserving the Nancarrow House-Studio

Meet the Friends - Nanne de Ru

Latin America Special – Focus on Brazil

Jan de Jong’s House is Latest Hendrick de Keyser Acquisition

Stay in a Belgian Modernist Masterpiece

In Berlin’s Modernist Network

Rietveld-Schröder House Celebrates De Stijl Anniversary

Meet Our New Foundation Board Members

Maintaining Aalto's Studio – Linoleum Conservation

Virtual Tour of a Papaverhof Home in 3D

Getty Grant for Villa E-1027

Plečnik House in Ljubljana

Iconic Dacha

Iconic Houses: A Bohemian Road Trip

Work in Progress: Capricho de Gaudí

11 Le Corbusier Homes now on Unesco World Heritage List

At home with Le Corbusier

Henry van de Velde’s Study in Haus Hohe Pappeln Restored

Lynda Waggoner reports

A Conference to Remember

4th International Iconic Houses Conference

Guest of Honor - Harry Gesner

Fallingwater: European Lecture Tour

Wright Plus 2016 Walk

Susan Macdonald, Getty Conservation Institute

John Mcllwee, Garcia House

Meet the Friends – Elisabeth Tostrup

Iconic Houses: The Story So Far

Willie van Burgsteden, designer Iconic Houses

Buff Kavelman, Philanthropic Advisor

Meet the Friends - Frederick Noyes

Sheridan Burke, GML Heritage

Meet the Friends - Raymond Neutra

Sidney Williams, Frey House

Franklin Vagnone and Deborah Ryan, Museum Anarchists

Meet the Friends - James Haefner

Toshiko Mori, architect

Malachi Connolly, Cape Cod Modern House Trust

Meet the Friends - Penny Sparke

Lucia Dewey Atwood, Eames House

Cory Buckner, Mutual Housing Site Office

Jeffrey Herr, Hollyhock House

Speaking Volumes: Building the Iconic Houses Library

Sarah Lorenzen, Neutra VDL Studio and Residences

Ted Bosley, Gamble House

Keeping It Modern - Getty Conservation Grants

Meet the Friends - Thomas Schönauer

Wim de Wit, Stanford University

Linda Dishman, Los Angeles Conservancy

Jesse Lattig, Pasadena Heritage

Join us in Los Angeles! Update

Work in Progress: Casa Vicens

Work in Progress: Van Wassenhove House

Work in Progress: Villa Cavrois

Work in Progress: The Pearlroth House

Conference calls!

Follow us!

Third Iconic Houses Conference a huge success

Conference House Tours Barcelona

Marta Lacambra, Fundació Catalunya-La Pedrera

Natascha Drabbe, Iconic Houses Foundation

Special speaker Oscar Tusquets

Jordi Tresserras, UNESCO Network ‘Culture, tourism and development’

Christen Obel, Utzon Foundation

Elena Ruiz Sastre, Casa Broner

Fernando Alvarez Prozorovich, La Ricarda

Tim Benton, Professor of Art History (Emeritus)

Susana Landrove, Docomomo Spain

Rossend Casanova, Casa Bloc

Conference Program 25 November 2014

Jordi Falgàs, Casa Rafael Masó

Documentary La Ricarda

Marga Viza, Casa Míla/La Pedrera

Celeste Adams, Frank Lloyd Wright Trust

Conference 25 November 2014 at La Pedrera

Henry Urbach, The Glass House

Victoria & Albert Museum London November 12

Tommi Lindh, new director of the Alvar Aalto Foundation and Museum

Iveta Černá, Villa Tugendhat

Lynda Waggoner, Fallingwater

Kimberli Meyer, MAK Center

Rent a house designed by Gerrit Rietveld

Barragán House on Screen

Gesamtkunstwerk – An Icon on the Move

Triennale der Moderne 27 September - 13 October 2013

Prestigious Art Nouveau mansions in Brussels open

September 14 + 15: Heritage Days in Paris

June's New Arrivals: Museum Apartments

Iconic Houses is now on Twitter and Facebook

Corbu’s Cabanon: Reconstruction and Lecture

Projekt Mies In Krefeld: Life-sized model of the Krefeld Clubhouse

New arrivals: Spain special

MAMO: Le Corbu’s ‘Park in the Sky’ open 12 June

Taut's Home wins Europa Nostra Award

Annual Wright Architectural Housewalk: 18 May

Frank Lloyd Wright Homes on Screen

Message from the Editor

Neutra’s House on Screen

Michel Richard, Fondation Le Corbusier

Symposium The Public and the Modern House

Melnikov House on Screen

Iconic Houses in the media

Message from the Editor

Round Table Review

Eileen Gray House on Screen

Copy Culture

At Home in the 20th Century

New 20th century Iconic Houses website launches

Philippe Bélaval, Centre des monuments nationaux

Posted June 12, 2024

Reopening An Iconic Modernist Landmark

The Glass House in partnership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation®, completed restoration of the historic Brick House (1949) after a 15-year closure. The comprehensive $1.8 million plan, developed by Mark Stoner, AIA, Senior Director of Preservation Architecture | Graham Gund Architect, and executed by general contractor, Hobbs, Inc., celebrates an unveiling for the 75th anniversary of The Glass House.

NEW CANAAN, Conn. (May 10, 2024) - The Glass House, a site of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, announces the completed restoration of the historic Brick House originally designed by Philip Johnson in 1949. The Brick House, constructed just months before The Glass House, was an integral part of the architect’s original plan for the site, offering two essential halves to a single composition. Closed to the public since 2008 due to ongoing damage from water infiltration, its closing left half of the property’s core architectural story untold. The National Trust has invested $1.8 million to restore, renovate and conserve the Brick House and its collections. The restoration of The Brick House, as part of this National Historic Landmark has been completed in time for the 75th anniversary of The Glass House.

Read more about this project in the New York Times Style Magazine: An Opaque Philip Johnson House Reopens After 15 Years by Suleman Anaya.

The Brick House, aka the ‘Guest House,’ is an essential foil to the glass pavilion it faces. Clad in iron spot brick laid in a Flemish bond pattern, the structures are linked by a grassy court, and offer a lesson in contrasts. The Brick House served as both a guest house and a retreat for Johnson and his partner David Whitney until their deaths in 2005. Given the vital role of the Brick House in the site’s composition and social history, it is one of the most important and central assets of the 49-acre historic site. Restoration of this building will significantly expand the site’s interpretation and programming, allowing it to engage new visitors, and preserve and advance understanding of 20th Century architecture and LGBTQ cultural heritage.

‘Today marks a milestone achievement in our mission to preserve and celebrate The Glass House property. I am delighted with the results of the Brick House restoration and congratulate the construction team, the conservators, and the artisans on such beautiful work. This iconic landmark, spanning architectural styles from the 1940s to the 1990s, now stands proudly open to the public, offering an immersive experience into our past which will inspire and inform our interpretive and education programs to come,’ says Kirsten Reoch, executive director of The Glass House.

Predicated on Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s idea for a ‘courthouse’ that surrounds a central court, Johnson’s home splits the two wings apart: one opaque and private, the other, transparent, and exposed. Although both structures are 56-feet long, the 860-square-foot rectangular Brick House is only half as deep as The Glass House. Their fundamental connection is underscored by the fact that the Brick House contains the mechanical equipment for both buildings and is connected by underground pipes and wiring necessary to support The Glass House itself. Philip Johnson spent his first night on the property in the Brick House.

As a guest house, the Brick House accommodated prominent overnight visitors, including Phyllis Lambert and Andy Warhol. But beginning in the 1950s, the house was used by Johnson and Whitney as a retreat from the exposure of The Glass House, affording Johnson the privacy to relax and the freedom to modify the interior décor in a way The Glass House rarely provided. Originally, the Brick House contained three rooms of equal size, each with a porthole window. In 1953, two of the rooms were combined into a single large bedroom. Adjacent to the bedroom is a reading room and bathroom, both of which were redecorated in the 1970s through 1990s. Unlike The Glass House, this structure was a creative canvas where Johnson could experiment with new styles and materials as he made successive changes over the decades.

Built at the base of a slope, the building had been susceptible to water infiltration since its conception. And, with failures of the flat roof and skylights, the building damage had been extensive. The interior had experienced deterioration of plaster, mold growth, and rusting mechanical systems. Beginning in 2022, Graham Gund Architect for the National Trust, Mark Stoner, AIA NCARB, utilized extensive conservation studies and surveys completed by Li/Saltzman Architects, PC in 2010 to develop a thorough architectural restoration and mechanical renovation plan for the Brick House. The scope included sustainable improvements to site drainage, exterior masonry and metal cleaning and restoration, replacement of the roof and skylights, restoration of interior plaster and finishes, restoration of the building’s three distinctive portal windows and entrance door, full replacement and upgrade of the mechanical and electrical systems serving both the Brick House and Glass House, and the conservation and reinstallation of artwork, furniture, and books.

‘For such a seemingly simple structure, the work required to preserve, protect, and restore the Brick House was extensive,’ says Stoner. He continued, ‘Damage caused by decades of water intrusion into the building from above and below took a serious toll on the building. And yet, now that the project is complete, most visitors will be completely unaware of the vast amount of exterior and interior restoration efforts that went into this project. This is a testament to the fantastic work of our construction team, our engineering consultants, and site staff that worked tirelessly to ensure the success of this project. I am extremely pleased that, finally, visitors can experience The Glass House site as Johnson intended it.’

The Brick House has now been restored to its design during Johnson’s lifetime as reflected in the documentary film Philip Johnson: Diary of an Eccentric Architect (1996). The bedroom interior is opulent and luxurious with low, sleek, white vaults based on the breakfast room of the Sir John Soane House in London (completed in 1824) and harbingers of the elements later found in Johnson’s design of the 1954-56 Congregation Kneses Tifereth Israel Synagogue in Port Chester, New York, and the 1964 New York State Theater (now David H. Koch Theater) at Lincoln Center. The walls are covered in Fortuny’s Piumette pink, aquamarine, and gold patterned cotton fabric. The Italian textile company generously donated replacement fabric for this restoration which matches the 1953 original, using the same methods and techniques devised by Mariano Fortuny over a century ago. The fabric is stretched on a series of wood frames, some fixed to the plaster walls and some sliding to reveal a dressing area, door or window. The floor features a new champagne-colored carpet donated by Edward Fields Carpet Makers, who supplied the original flooring to Mr. Johnson. The Clouds of Magellan, 1953, a sculpture by Ibram Lassaw, once more hangs prominently on the wall above the bed, where dimmer switches (a novelty in 1953) are placed to control indirect lighting, further enhancing the spare yet exotic sleeping area.

In the 10-foot, 8-inch tall, white corridor connecting the bedroom to the reading room and bathroom, a collection of etchings by Brice Marden, collected by Johnson and Whitney, are now re-installed after being in storage since 2009. They are illuminated by three round skylights that have been retrofitted with new UV filtering glass. The Reading Room has been restored to its 1980 and 1990s design with soft mint green walls and yellow linen curtains contrasting to a deep purple carpet custom made by Edward Fields Carpet Makers. Johnson and Whitney’s furniture has been reinstalled including two Feltri chairs (1986) by Gaetano Pesce. The curatorial team at The Glass House have chosen a selection of works from the Johnson and Whitney collection for display in the Reading Room which includes works by David Salle, Brice Marden and Vija Celmins. One wall of the room is dedicated to built-in shelving where Johnson’s personal library of almost 1,000 books on philosophy, history, art history and fiction is now re-shelved after cleaning and stabilization by J. Baldwin Conservation, LLC.

In addition to Mr. Stoner, the project design team includes Landtech (Civil Engineering), Altieri Sebor Wieber (MEP Engineering), and RSE Associates, Inc. (Structural Engineering). Hobbs, Inc., is the general contractor for the project. Replacement material was generously donated by Fortuny, Inc., Edward Fields Carpet Makers, and Cobble Court Interiors (Reading Room Curtain).

Approximately 13,000 people visit The Glass House each year, and reopening the Brick House is critical to providing visitors with a complete experience of The Glass House campus. This project was completed and unveiled on April 30, 2024 opening to the public on May 2nd. This year also marks the 75th anniversary of The Glass House and the Brick House, both completed in 1949. In celebration, The Glass House will host a series of special events, featuring notable artists and exhibitions.

Opening the Brick House provides new and exciting avenues for The Glass House site to expand its interpretation, continue to preserve and advance an understanding of LGBTQ heritage, and deepen its impact on new and diverse communities.

The Glass House, built between 1949 and 1995 by architect Philip Johnson, is a National Trust for Historic Preservation site in New Canaan, CT. The pastoral 49-acre landscape comprises fourteen structures, including The Glass House (1949), and features a permanent collection of 20th-century paintings and sculptures, along with temporary exhibitions. The campus serves as a catalyst for the preservation and interpretation of modern architecture, landscape, and art and a canvas for inspiration and experimentation. The tour season runs from mid-April through mid-December, and reservations are required.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately funded nonprofit organization that works to save America’s historic places to enrich our future, reimagining historic sites for the 21st century. The guiding principle of this initiative is that historic sites must be dynamic, relevant, and evolving to foster an understanding of history and culture that is critical, sensory, and layered.

Brick House Restoration Project Team

Design Team
Architect: Mark Stoner, AIA, Senior Director of Preservation Architecture | Graham Gund Architect
Civil Engineer: LANDTECH, Westport, CT
M/E/P Engineer: Altieri, LLC, Norwalk, CT
Preservation Consultant: Li/Saltzman Architects, PC
Structural Engineer: Liam O’Hanlon, PE, Principal, RSE Associates, Port Washington, NY

Construction Team
Carpets: Fabricated and donated by Edward Fields Carpet Makers, installed by Tai Ping Carpets
Concrete: B&M Concrete, Inc.
Curtains: Cobble Court Interiors, Inc., including fabric donation
Demolition: Concrete Cutting Co.
Electrical: Chestnut Electric Corp.
Exterior Caulking: A&J Caulking Company, Inc.
Fabric Panels: Fabricated and donated by Fortuny, Inc. and installed by Jouffre
Finish Carpentry and Windows: High Edge Construction, LLC
Framing Carpentry: JF Carpentry Services, Inc.
General Contractor: Hobbs, Inc.
HVAC: Encon Heating & AC
Marble & Granite Restoration: Merolle Brothers Tile & Marble, Inc.
Masonry: Cobuzzi Masonry and Nature’s Way Landscape
Paint: Donald Kaufman Color, The Color Factory
Painting and Plaster: Polart Group, Inc.
Plumbing: Rudolph Biagi & Sons
Roofing and Skylights: Landmark Exteriors, Inc.
Site Work: Amaxx, Inc.
Steel: Artistic Iron Works, LLC
Waterproofing: Dri-Tec Waterproofing
Window UV Filters: Millard Enterprises

Art and Object Conservation Team
Art Handling: SRI Fine Art Services
Book Conservation: Jean Baldwin, Conservator, J. Baldwin Conservation,
Furniture Conservation: Roger Griffith, Conservator, Two Sticks, Inc
Marian Carpenter, John & Neville Bryan Senior Director of Museum Collections

Photos by Michael Biondo

Posted June 12, 2024